Academic writing relies on several principals that distinguish it from other forms of information you may be familiar with. Academic writers use citations to:
When you do research in a college setting, it is important to use proper attribution of the ideas you are exploring. This means using in-text citations for any direct quotes or by paraphrasing with attribution to the original source. Read this guide about plagiarism.
At Lane, two different citation styles are most popular: MLA and APA. Find more information about these styles below.
Looking for citation handouts? Example citations are now integrated into the Citation Guide (linked below).
Noodle Tools is free with registration using your LCC L-number.
Other free-to-access citation tools include:
MyBib is a free online citation creation tool. It can create citations and bibliographies in MLA or APA, and other styles. MyBib allows you to paste in a website URL or even search for a book, article, or other source by title, and will pull most of the information you need to create a citation (though you may need to double check that the information is correct and complete).
MS Word and Google Docs have Citation creators built into their software.
Many research databases (and the Library catalog) have tools to create citations built into them! Use the database Cite feature to generate a citation in the specific format you need. Be sure to proof-read the citation for accuracy before you copy/paste into your References or Works Cited page.
An annotation summarizes the essential ideas contained in a document, reporting the author's thesis and main points as well as how they relate to your own ideas or thesis. There are two types of annotations: summative and evaluative.
Annotations are typically brief (one paragraph) but may be longer depending on the requirements of your assignment.
Check with your instructor to determine the citation format, length and the type of annotations you will be writing. Remember, the annotation should show that you have done more than simply describe the source.
An annotated bibliography can:
Here is some information your annotation might include:
Examples of MLA and APA styles of annotations can be found here from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL).
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